Former Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonio Carpio supports the initiative to bring the Philippines’ legal victory against China over the South China Sea to the United Nations General Assembly to obtain world leaders’ support.
“The locus of world opinion is the UN General Assembly, and if you want to influence world opinion, you start there,” said Carpio.
The retired Carpio said there are two ways for China to comply with the ruling. First, which he said seems too impossible, if China voluntarily complies with the ruling.
“The second is if China is pressured by world opinion to comply with the ruling. Does world opinion matter to China? Yes, because China has to export to survive. It has to import to survive,” he explained.
The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague upheld in 2016 Philippines’ sovereign rights to its 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone (EEZ), declining to China’s historic claim to the resources in the South China Sea following the 9-dash line doctrine.
Lastly, China claims large part of the South China Sea and established military structures in the island. Other countries also contest territorial claims, respectively, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam.